TIPS AND SERVICE
tips to get the most out of your painted trailer
This is why we should galvanise trailers, they will most probably outlast
its owner, however they are more expensive.
When storing your trailer outside always have the front of it raised so
as to allow any water to run out .
wheels are good for this also. If this can’t be done, then drill some
drain holes into the floor.
C. We recommend either
requesting that the angle chassis be fully welded upon ordering your trailer,
or, as a cheaper option, run a gap filler along the
angle where it meets the side panels,
as along the inside where the sides meet the floor. this option can be
ordered with all trailers.
All rusted-out trailers
tend to have holes in these spots, as that's where it starts first. The
water gets trapped in any small tight spot where the paint can’t penetrate.
D. If possible, cover the trailer with a cheap plastic
tarp & in turn use this for covering your loads.
If you scratch it, touch it up. We sell touch up paint.
Don't lend it to anyone, it will come back broken
Trailer Maintenance Procedures
For best practice bring your trailer back to Loadmaster
Trailers factory for Service, or take to a quality service garage
Fitting the wheels to a new axle (After installation,
before first use.)
1. When fitting the road wheel to the hub/drum assembly, the wheel nuts
should be tightened in star sequence (See Figure 1 below) to the correct
tension for the size of wheel nut with an accurate tension wrench. (See
Table 1 below).
2. Place the first nut on a stud and tighten by hand.
Proceed to the next stud in the appropriate sequence as illustrated in
Figure 1, put on the next nut and tighten by hand. Continue until all
the nuts are tight enough to secure the wheel in place. Repeat the procedure
with a tension wrench and tension each nut as appropriate, in the same
sequence, to the appropriate tension for the size nut/stud.
Do not use an impact tool ('rattle gun' or similar) to tighten wheel nuts.
Do not over or under tension wheel nuts.
Table 1 Tension Wrench Settings for Common Trailer Wheel
Stud Sizes, (always check with your trailer manufacture for your trailer)
Stud Size (UNF) Tension (Metric) Tension (Imperial)
7/16" 110 Nm 80 ft/lbs
1/2" 125 Nm 90 ft/lbs
9/16" 140 Nm 100 ft/lbs
A. Check tyre pressure is as per indicated on side wall
of tyre or on V.I.N plate, never run on un-inflated tyre or over inflated
3. Check that the road wheel rotates freely but firmly
with no sideways movement. If the bearing retainer nut is too tight or
too loose (when tightening the bearing retainer nut, tightening the nut
till it stops do not over tighten or you will damage the bearing surface
them turn back one full castellation this should line up with the hole
for the split pin) it will significantly reduce the life of the axle,
bearing and brake assembly. Check the Bearing Fitting and Adjustment Guide
and Brake Adjustment Guide from the relevant manufacturer for detailed
instructions on adjusting bearings and brakes for best results.
4. Check and confirm that the nuts on the axle retaining
U-bolts are correctly tensioned.
5. For axles fitted with hydraulic brakes, ensure that
you bleed and adjust them correctly before use. Check Item 3 again and
also refer to Item 7.
6. For axles fitted with mechanical or electric brakes
make sure you adjust them correctly before use. Please note that electric
brakes require magnet 'bedding in' before final adjustment can be made.
Check Item 3 again and also refer to Item 7.
7. All axles fitted with brakes have a right and left
hand side and a top and bottom. They must be fitted accordingly. Failure
to fit, adjust and check axle, bearings, brakes or wheel nuts correctly
will void any axle, bearing or brake manufacturer's warranty and risks
serious damage, fire and/or cause a vehicle accident which may lead to
serious personal injury or death.
IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT
Load your trailer or caravan to trip readiness then have it weighed at
your nearest weighbridge to confirm that you have not exceeded the trailer
manufacturers stated Gross Trailer Mass capacity (GTM). The GTM can be
found on the Manufacturer's Data Plate normally attached to the draw-bar
or the mudguard of the trailer.
EXCEEDING THE STATED GTM WILL VOID ALL AXLE, BEARING, HUB/DRUM AND BRAKE
MANUFACTURERS WARRANTIES. IT MAY ALSO VOID YOUR MOTOR VEHICLE INSURANCE
POLICY IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT. CHECK WITH YOUR INSURANCE COMPANY
TO CONFIRM THE EXCLUSIONS FOR YOUR PARTICULAR POLICY. EXCEEDING THE GTM
IS A DANGEROUS AND UNLAWFUL PRACTICE THAT MAY RESULT IN AN ACCIDENT, WITH
THE POSSIBILITY OF SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY, DEATH, PROPERTY DAMAGE AND
CIVIL OR CRIMINAL LIABILITY AS A CONSEQUENCE.
NEVER EXCEED THE TRAILER'S RATED GROSS TRAILER MASS. IF IN DOUBT ABOUT
THE GTM FOR ANY REASON, CHECK WITH THE MANUFACTURER OF YOUR TRAILER.
Routine Checks (At first use or after 'wheel off' maintenance.)
1. After traveling about 100Km check the wheel nuts with a tension wrench
and re-tension (in the appropriate sequence - see Figure 1.) if necessary.
a) After traveling about 200Km carefully 'touch test' the hub/drum just
behind the grease cap for excessive heat. It should be slightly warm to
the touch at most.
b) There should be no significant difference in temperature between hubs/drums.
c) Check for ease of wheel rotation to ensure brakes are not dragging
2. A noticeably hot hub/drum indicates one of the following
conditions are present:(CAUTION braked axles may be hot after going down
long hills or slopes or after a few stops and starts)
a) Not enough grease in bearing/incorrect grease/grease water damaged
b) Bearing retaining nut too tight.
c) Brake stuck on or dragging or otherwise incorrectly set up or adjusted.
1. Should any of the above conditions be identified,
check and re-grease, adjust or repair as appropriate.
2. Failure to correct the above conditions at the earliest opportunity
may cause damage to the axle, bearings, hub or drum assembly and may lead
to fire or an accident
1. Check wheel nuts and re-tension if necessary
2. Check bearing settings and adjust if necessary.
3. Check brake adjustment and adjust if necessary.
4. Check that all spring shackle-pin nuts and U-bolts nuts are correctly
After changing a wheel and tyre always tension wheel nuts correctly and
in the correct sequence,
then check again at 100Km as detailed under Routine
Checks (At first use or after 'wheel off' maintenance) and re-tension
IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT IMPORTANT
The frequency of regular checks and maintenance should be increased if
you are using your trailer daily, commercially, traveling long distances
and or are venturing off road or onto unsealed roads.
If your trailer is used on rough roads or off-road you should decrease
the load carried and carry out the listed checks and maintenance at least
For further information you should contact the manufacturer
of your trailer, caravan or horse-float for advice specific to your specific
vehicle and circumstances.